· Politics of Spain · Political parties · Elections. Izquierda Comunera (English: Comunero Left, UPC) is a leftist nationalist political party active. La comunera de castilla/ The Commoner of Castilla by Maria Teresa Alvarez at – ISBN – ISBN – Esfera De . Buy La comunera de castilla/ The Commoner of Castilla by Maria Teresa Alvarez (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices and.
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Discussion in ‘ Alternate History Discussion: Before ‘ started by CastillaNov 11, Log in or Sign up. La republica comunera de Castilla a succesful comunero revolt Discussion in ‘ Alternate History Discussion: Threadmarks View all 41 threadmarks. Padilla Well-Known Member Joined: The revolt,the war and the junta Discontent had been brewing for years before the Revolt of the Comuneros. The second half of the 15th century saw profound political, economic, and social changes in Spain.
Economic growth created new urban industries and offered a route to power and wealth not tied to the aristocracy. Support from these urban elites was critical to Ferdinand and Isabella’s centralization of power, and they acted as a counterweight to the landed aristocracy and the clergy. However, with Queen Isabella I’s death inthis alliance between the national government and the budding middle class faltered. The Castilian government decayed with each successive administration, becoming rife with corruption.
King Philip I ruled for a mere two years; he was replaced by Archbishop Cisneros as regent for a short time, and then by Isabella’s widower Ferdinand who ruled from Aragon. Ferdinand’s claim to continue ruling Castile as regent was somewhat tenuous after Isabella’s death, but no plausible alternatives existed as the sovereign, their widowed daughter Joanna, was mentally unfit to reign on her own.
The landed nobility of Castile took advantage of the weak and corrupt Royal Council to illegally expand their territory and domain with private armies while the government did nothing. In response, the towns signed mutual defense pacts, relying on each other rather comunerx the national government.
InFerdinand died. Charles was brought up in Flanders, the homeland castipla his father Philip, and barely knew Castilian.
The people greeted him with skepticism, but also hoped he would restore stability. With the arrival of the new king in latehis Flemish court took positions of power in Castile; young Charles only trusted people he knew from the Netherlands. The Archbishopric was an important position; it had been held by Archbishop Cisneros, the former regent of the country.
Six months into his rule, discontent openly simmered among rich and poor alike. Even some monks began to agitate, denouncing the opulence of the royal court, the Flemish, and the nobility in their sermons. One of the first public protests involved placards posted in churches, which read: The city council had been at the forefront of protests against Charles’ bid to become Holy Roman Emperor. They decried the short-term expenses that would be borne by Castile and questioned the role of Castile in this new political framework, given the possibility that the land would become a mere imperial province.
The situation erupted when the royal government summoned the most radical of the city councilors away from the city, intending to send back more easily controllable replacements on a royal salary. The order came on April 15; one day later, as the councilors prepared to leave, a large crowd opposed to the departure rioted and drove out the royal administrators instead.
Following Charles’ departure to Germany, the riots multiplied in the cities of central Castile, especially after the arrival of legislators who had voted “yes” to the taxes Charles had asked for. Segovia had some of the earliest and most violent incidents; on May 30, a mob of woolworkers murdered two administrators and the city’s legislator who had voted in favor. Padilla was named Captain-General, and troops were assembled. Still, only four cities sent representatives at first: Toledo, Segovia, Salamanca, and Toro.
Faced with the situation in Segovia, Regent and Cardinal Adrian of Utrecht decided to use the royal artillery, located in nearby Medina del Campo, to take Segovia and defeat Padilla. Adrian ordered his commander Antonio de Fonseca to seize the artillery.
Fonseca arrived on August 21 in Medina, but encountered heavy resistance from the townspeople, as the city had strong trade links to Segovia. Fonseca ordered the setting of a fire to distract the resistance, but it grew out of control.
Much of the town was destroyed, including a Franciscan monastery and a trade warehouse containing goods valued at more thanducats. Fonseca had to withdraw his troops, and the event was a public relations disaster for the government. Uprisings throughout Castile occurred, even in cities that previously had been neutral such as Castile’s capital, Valladolid.
The establishment of the Comunidad of Valladolid caused the most important core of the Iberian plateau to declare for the rebels, upending the stability of the government. The royal army, with many of its soldiers unpaid for months, started to disintegrate.
La republica comunera de Castilla (a succesful comunero revolt)
The Junta of Tordesillas The comunero army now properly organized itself, integrating the militias of Toledo, Madrid, and Segovia. Once told of Fonseca’s attack, the comunero forces went to Medina del Campo and took possession of the artillery that had just been denied to Fonseca’s troops.
On August 29, the comuneros’ army arrived at Tordesillas with the goal of declaring Queen Joanna the sole sovereign. A total of thirteen cities were represented in the Junta of Tordesillas: On September 24,the mad Queen, for the only time, presided over the Cortes.
The legislators met with Queen Joanna and explained the purpose of the Cortes: The next day, September 25, the Cortes issued a declaration pledging to use arms if necessary and for the whole to aid any one city that was threatened.
On September 26, the Cortes of Tordesillas declared itself cawtilla new legitimate government and denounced the Royal Council. Oaths of self-defense were taken by all the cities represented over the week, finishing by September The revolutionary government now had structure and a free hand to act, with the Royal Council still ineffective and confused. The growing success of the comuneros emboldened people to accuse members of the old government of complicity with royal abuses.
The protests attacked the landed nobility as well, many of whom had illegally ka property during the reign of the regents and weak kings after Isabella’s death. This uprising was followed by others of a similar anti-feudal nature.
The leadership of the comuneros was forced to take a stance on these new rebellions; reluctant to openly endorse them, the Junta initially denounced them but did nothing to oppose them. The dynamics of the uprising thus changed profoundly, as it could now jeopardize the status of the entire manorial system.
The nobles had previously been somewhat sympathetic to the cause due to their loss of privileges to the central government.
However, these new developments lead to a dramatic drop in support for the comuneros from aristocrats, who were frightened by the more radical elements of the revolution. The comuneros’ attempt to use Queen Joanna for legitimacy did not bear fruit so the Junta decided to proclaim the republic in with all the represented cities voting for it.
John, who maintained a base in Castile at the time. The crowd gathered around him and took him directly cqstilla the cathedral, claiming the archbishop’s chair for him. A brief rivalry emerged between the comuneea, but it was resolved after mutual attempts at reconciliation. He moved into Yepes, and from there conducted raids and operations against royalist-controlled rural areas.
La comunera de Castilla by María Teresa Álvarez
The Constable of Castile moved his troops including soldiers recently transferred ccomunera the defense of Navarre southwest from Burgos to meet with the Admiral’s forces near Tordesillas. Juan de Padilla considered withdrawing to Toro to seek reinforcements in early April, but wavered. Finally in a sunny day at Villalar the comunero army faced the royalist army which was crushed due its heavy advantage with lw numerous archabusiers.
Political,economical and administrative reforms Political reforms 1. Every comunidad can send three deputies to the Juntas. One representing the clery,a second one representing the army and the third one representing the cities 2. Nobility is eliminated due its corruption and its colaboration with the king of Aragon Charles.
Peasants are all under behetrias caxtilla mar a mar 3. Each comunidad will hold the junta during three years and the president of the Junta will be from the place where the juntas are. The comunidades will be castilal by a concejo and they will be able to control their economic policies,taxes,their own army and their own diplomatic relationships as long as it doesn’t go against the interests of the republic 5.
Comunidades will follow the fuero de Segovia and most will be defined under a cokunera political division so most of them are even in terms of people,power and influence 7. Ports will be ruled directly by the Juntas so coastal cities can’t sabotage other comunidades 8. The military orders that were controlled by the crown will now be part of the Junta 9.
The army and of all the comunidades will have to join the army of the junta in case of war.
Comunidades could organize hermandades Comunidades de Castilla Economic reforms 1. All the land and wealth of the nobles will be controlled by the comunidad. The junta and the president won’t be able to spend more than what the catholic kings did 3. No fiscal priviledges for hidalgos and the church 4. The removal of the tax for crusading and the alcazaba. The devaluation of the coin so it matches 1: Limiting gradually the export of wool to create local jobs.
Wool merchants will recieve a compensation to adapt for their lose in revenue Administrative reforms 1. The removal of prebendas and some parasitic jobs 2. Acummulation of charges is punishabe 4.
Experienced men have priority over younger proffesionals 5. Corregidores will need the support csstilla their communities 6. Judges could not judge the different process of the same trial 7.
Judges will have a flat income. They won’t recieve part of the wealth of the supposed criminal if he is found guilty And after 3 months of debating this was the rough draft that the Junta came up with and approved with a wide majority.
Comuneea first comunidad to hold the juntas will be Toledo for simbolical reasons and they will move to the different comunidades in the order in which they opposed the crown. CryingJonathan EdelsteinXenophonte and 2 others like this. Ok so I will have to clear some things first. Part of the introduction is true except the parts in which the rebels had military success and the cities of Jaen,COrdoba,Sevilla and Granada joining the Junta.
The political draft is pretty much what they wrote in the Avila junta but with some slight changes as the first one was a rough draft. I made the territorial distribution on my own.