Cor pulmonale is defined as an alteration in the structure and function of the right ventricle caused by a primary disorder of the respiratory. We present the case of a year-old woman with chronic cor pulmonale. She never smoked tobacco and had no other risk factors for. The term “cor pulmonale” is still very popular in the medical literature, but its definition varies and there is presently no consensual definition. Forty years ago an.

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Cor pulmonale is a condition that most commonly arises out pulmpnale complications from high blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries pulmonary hypertension. Cor pulmonale causes the right ventricle to enlarge and pump blood less effectively than it should. The ventricle is then pushed to its limit and ultimately fails.

This condition is often prevented when the high pressure of blood going to the lungs is controlled. However, untreated pulmonary hypertension can eventually lead to cor pulmonale along with other related, life-threatening complications.


The lungs depend on the heart to transport blood from the body to the lungs. This increased pressure causes an ineffective transportation of blood to the lungs. Untreated pulmonary hypertension is the most common cause of cor pulmonale. Other conditions that can cause this health complication include:. Cor pulmonale is diagnosed using both a physical exam and medical testing.

Your doctor will look for any abnormal heart rhythms, fluid retention, and protruding neck veins during a physical exam. Your doctor will also need to perform blood tests to detect antibody levels and brain natriuretic peptide.

Pulmonary heart disease

Brain natriuretic peptide is an amino acid made in the heart. Pulmonalr rare cases, your doctor may also order a lung biopsy to see if any underlying tissue is damaged.


Your doctor will need to treat the causes of pulmonary hypertension to treat cor pulmonale.

Prescription medications can help decrease blood pressure and help encourage oxygen flow back into the pulmonalw. Diuretics may also be used to get rid of fluid retention and to keep your blood sodium levels down. You may also take blood thinners to prevent blood clots. Severe or advanced cases of cor pulmonale require more aggressive treatments such as a heart or lung transplant.

Others may need to take oxygen therapy. The outlook for people with cor pulmonale ultimately depends on the management of pulmonary hypertension. Cor pulmonale can also cause severe fluid retention, difficulty breathing, and even shock. Your doctor may need to adjust your treatment plan to help prevent ppulmonale pulmonale. You can prevent cor pulmonale by taking care of your heart and lungs. Maintain a healthy weight, exercise, and eat a well-balanced diet to avoid hypertension and heart disease.

Preventing the onset of lung disease may also help prevent this condition.

Pulmonary heart disease – Wikipedia

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