The Gulistan is a landmark of Persian literature, perhaps its single most influential work of . In the fifth chapter of The Gulistan of Saadi, on Love and Youth, Saadi includes explicit moral and sociological points about the real life of people from. : The Gulistan of Saadi: In Persian with English Translation (Persian Edition) (): Saadi Shirazi: Books. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Compiled by: Reza Nazari. Reza Nazari is a Persian author and teacher. He has published more than 50 Persian learning.
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It is also one of his most popular books, and has proved deeply influential in the West as well as the East. It is widely quoted as a source of wisdom. The well-known aphorism still frequently repeated in the western world, about being sad guliztan one has no shoes until one meets the man who has no feet “whereupon I thanked Providence for its bounty to myself” is from the Gulistan. The minimalist plots of the Gulistan’s stories are expressed with precise language and psychological insight, creating persisn “poetry of persiqn with the concision of mathematical formulas.
But as Eastwick comments in his introduction to the work,  there is a common saying in Persian, “Each word of Sa’di has seventy-two meanings”, and the stories, alongside their entertainment value and practical and moral dimension, frequently focus on the conduct of dervishes and are said to contain sufi teachings. There the friend gathered saaxi flowers to take back to town. Sa’di remarked on how quickly the flowers would die, and proposed a flower garden that would last much longer:.
Sa’di continues, “On the same day I happened to write two chapters, namely on polite society and the rules of conversation, in a style acceptable to orators and instructive to letter-writers. After gulistann introduction, the Gulistan is divided into eight chapters, each consisting of a number of stories and poetry: They are accompanied by short verses sometimes representing the words of the protagonists, sometimes representing the author’s perspective and sometimes, as in the following case, not clearly attributed:.
One of the sons of Harunu’r-rashid came to his father in a passion, saying, “Such an officer’s son has insulted me, by speaking abusively of my mother. Harun said, “O my son! Since saadl is little biographical information about Sa’di outside of his writings, his short, apparently autobiographical tales, such as the following have been used by commentators to build up an account of his gulustan.
I remember that, in the time of my childhood, I was devout, and in the habit of keeping vigils, and eager to practise mortification and austerities. One night I sate up in attendance on my father, and did not close my eyes the whole night, and held the precious qur’an in my lap while the people around me slept. I said to my father, “Not one of these lifts up his head to perform a prayer.
Gulistan by Shaykh Saadi, Farsi with Urdu translation
They are so profoundly asleep that you would say they were dead. Most of the tales within the Gulistan are longer, some running on for a number of pages.
In one of the longest, in Chapter 3, Sa’di explores aspects of undertaking a journey for which one is ill-equipped:. An athlete, down on his luck at home, tells his father how he believes he should set off on his travels, quoting the words:.
His father warns him that his physical strength alone will not be sufficient to ensure the success of his travels, describing five kinds of men who can profit from travel: The son nevertheless sets off and, arriving penniless at a broad persiam, tries to get a crossing on a ferry by using physical force. He gets aboard, but is left stranded on a pillar in the middle of the river. This is the first of a series of misfortunes that he is subjected to, and it is only the charity of a wealthy man that finally delivers him, allowing him to return home safe, though not much humbled by his tribulations.
The story ends with the father warning him that if he tries it again he may not escape so luckily:. In the fifth chapter of The Gulistan of Saadi, on Love and Youth, Saadi includes explicit moral and sociological points about the real life of people from his time period One story about a schoolboy sheds light on perskan issues of sexual abuse and pedophilia, problems that have plagued all cultures.
This story by Saadi, like so much of his work, conveys meaning on many levels and saaei on many topics. Sa’di’s Gulistan is said to be one of the most widely read books ever produced. Persian for a long time was the language of literature from Ssadi to Constantinople, and the Gulistan oersian known and studied in much of Asia. In Persian-speaking countries today, proverbs and aphorisms from the Gulistan appear in every kind of literature and continue to be current in conversation, much as Shakespeare is in English.
The Gulistan has been significant in the influence of Persian literature on Western culture. La Fontaine based his “Le songe d’un habitant du Mogol”  on a story from Gulistan chapter 2 story A certain pious man in a dream beheld a king in paradise and a devotee in hell.
He inquired, “What is the reason of the exaltation of the one, and the cause of the degradation of the other? Voltaire was familiar with works of Sa’di, and wrote the preface of Zadig in his name.
He mentions a French translation of the Gulistan, and himself translated a score of verses, pwrsian from the original or asadi some Latin or Dutch translation. Sir William Jones advised students of Persian to pick an easy chapter of the Gulistan to translate as their first exercise in the language. In the United States Ralph Xaadi Emerson who addressed a poem of his own to Sa’di, provided the preface for Gladwin’s translation, writing, “Saadi exhibits perpetual variety of situation and incident He has furnished the originals of a multitude of tales and proverbs which are perslan in our mouths, and attributed by us to recent writers.
Gulistan (book) – Wikipedia
Friedrich Ochsenbach based a German translation on this. Georgius Gentius produced a Latin version accompanied by the Persian text in The Gulistan has been translated into many languages.
It has been translated into English a number of times: This well-known verse, part of chapter 1, story 10 of the Gulistanis woven into a carpet which is hung on a wall in the United Nations building in New York: But let us remember the words that were written by the poet Saadi, so many years ago: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 16 January The Gulistan, rose garden of Sa’di: Bilingual English and Persian edition with vocabulary.
The symbolism of Voltaire’s novels, with special reference to Zadig. New York Columbia University Press. Vahshi Bafqi — ‘Orfi Shirazi. Neshat Esfahani Abbas Foroughi Bastami — Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since are classified as contemporary.
At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Today it is the official language of IranTajikistan and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.
Persian Wikisource has original text related to this article: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulistan of Sa’di.
Mahmud Saba Kashani —