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This is a selected list of gairaigoJapanese words originating or reaeonly on foreign language generally Western terms, including wasei-eigo Japanese pseudo-Anglicisms.
Many of these words derive readonlu Portuguesedue to Portugal ‘s early role in Japanese-Western interaction; Dutchdue to the Netherlands ‘ relationship with Japan amidst the policy of sakoku during the Edo period ; and from French and German, due to France and Germany ‘s cultural and scientific prominence during Japan’s modernization in the Meiji period.
However, most come from Englishthe dominant world language today. Due to the large number of western concepts imported into Japanese culture during modern times, there are thousands of these English borrowings. These English words are informally referred to as having been “Nipponized”. Japanese vocabulary also includes large numbers of words from Chineseborrowed at various points throughout history. However, since the Japanese language has such strong historical ties to the Chinese language, these loans are not generally considered gairaigo.
List of gairaigo and wasei-eigo terms
Many loan words are in fact pseudo-borrowings: In fact, many such terms, despite their similarity to the original foreign words, are not easily understood by speakers of those languages e. See the list of Japanese terms mistaken for gairaigo for details of words or terms mistaken for foreign loan words and false cognates.
Due to the extent of Japanese borrowings, particularly from English, this list focuses mainly on pseudo-borrowings and commonly used loan words from languages other than English which are often mistaken for English words in Japan. Most loan words and all modern loans are transcribed in Katakanaa kana Japanese syllabary whose usage approximates English italics. Older loans may be written using Atejiwith Kanji used to represent their phonetic readings without necessarily inheriting their meaning.
In words composed of both a loan and native Japanese, the Japanese can function as a morpheme within a compound and would generally be written in Kanji if possibleor can be attached to the foreign word to inflect or otherwise modify it, as if it were okurigana which is written in Hiragana.
Coupled with English or pseudo-English nouns that indicate what that something is; e.
List of gairaigo and wasei-eigo terms – Wikipedia
It is said that this originated from the restaurant “Imperial Viking” in the Imperial Hotelwhich was the first restaurant in Japan to serve buffet-style meals, named after the American film The Vikings.
Bariquand et Rdadonly French.
Hand or electric operating hair trimmer. Swing the bat in baseball; or, to project forward or propose competitively on business or others by two or more parties, like “butting heads” by animals. It usually has buttons down the front and a vest under it with a white collared shirt.
For example, a product with cute character illustrations may be considered ” Akihabara -chikku”. Frequently used when something goes wrong. Also used as a catch-all term by the older generation for any gaming console. Computer Eeadonly To fetch an instruction from main memory when feadonly microprocessor executes a command. A week of holidays in Japan, Golden Week. In s slang, “haikara” referred to a person who was devoted to Western fashions, trends and values. Hotchkiss company, also used in Korea.
White Daya month after Valentine’s Day. Jingisukan Mongolian style barbecue with cut lamb and vegetables. Katyusha, a character in the novel Resurrection. Alice band ; horseshoe-shaped hairband made of metal or plastic often covered with cloth.
Confusingly for English speakers, this can be used to refer to someone else’s car, wife, home, etc. Oedipus complexor a strong attachment, formed in childhood, to one’s mother, often used derogatorily; “girly man”. PDAs and personal computers with wireless communications capabilities.
Does not have meaning of English “motel” used by tourists with their own vehicles. Also used to describe a professional wrestling maneuver. BrE number plate, AmE license plate.
A transgender individual that has undergone a sex change operation. It’s the opposite of komikarizu. Ramune a lemon-lime soft drink; hard, powdery oj like Rockets or Smarties. X-rayX-ray medical imaging. One step away from winning. Usually used in bingo. A genericized trademark of Cemedine Co. Apparent conflation of Portuguese tempero “seasoning” and tempora ” Ember days “, a Catholic holiday.
See also Tempura Etymology. Used to describe behavior and responses as well as objects. Being “in a rut”. New Year’s, Golden Weekand the summer o-bon week.