Tropical sprue (TS) is a syndrome characterized by acute or chronic diarrhea, weight loss, and malabsorption of nutrients. It occurs in residents. Tropical Sprue; Kwashiorkor. Sprue, both tropical and nontropical, has been a subject of great interest to the medical community ever Sp: Esprue tropical. Tropical sprue is a chronic diarrheal disease, possibly of infectious origin, that involves the small intestine and is characterized by.
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Tropical sprue is a malabsorption disease commonly found in tropical regions, marked with abnormal flattening of the villi and inflammation of the lining of the small intestine.
It appears to be a more severe form of environmental enteropathy. The illness usually starts with an attack of acute diarrhoea, fever and malaise following which, after a variable period, the patient settles into the chronic phase of diarrhoea, steatorrhoea, weight lossanorexiamalaise, and nutritional deficiencies.
Left untreated, nutrient and vitamin deficiencies may develop in patients with tropical sprue. The cause of tropical sprue is not known. Diagnosis tropkcal tropical sprue can be complicated because many diseases have similar symptoms.
The following investigation results are suggestive:. Tropical sprue is largely limited to within about 30 degrees north and south of the equator.
Tropical sprue: revisiting an underrecognized disease.
Hropical travel to this region is a key factor in diagnosing this disease in residents of countries outside of that geographical region. Other conditions which can resemble tropical sprue need to be differentiated.
Preventive measures for visitors to tropical areas where the condition exists include steps to reduce the likelihood of gastroenteritis. These may comprise using only bottled water for drinking, brushing teeth, and washing food, and avoiding fruits washed with tap water or consuming only peeled fruits, such as bananas and oranges.
Basic sanitation is necessary to reduce fecal-oral contamination and the impact of environmental enteropathy in the developing world. The prognosis for tropical sprue may be excellent after treatment. It usually does not recur in people who get it during travel to affected regions. Epidemics in southern India have occurred.
The disease was first described by William Hillary  in in Barbados. The use of folic acid and vitamin B 12 in the treatment of tropical sprue was promoted in the late s by Dr.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sprue.
Tropical Medicine Central Resource
Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. Hawes,pp. Diseases of the digestive system primarily K20—K93— Coeliac Tropical sprue Blind loop syndrome Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome Whipple’s Short bowel syndrome Steatorrhea Milroy disease Bile acid malabsorption. Abdominal angina Mesenteric ischemia Angiodysplasia Bowel obstruction: Esprke Radiation proctitis Proctalgia fugax Rectal prolapse Anismus.
Upper Hematemesis Melena Lower Hematochezia. Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum.