DOC file extension refers to a word processing document format. This binary file format is proprietary of Microsoft and is native to Microsoft’s most popular word. How to open Microsoft Word DOCX and DOC files for free with File Viewer Lite. DOC is a document file format used by Microsoft Word, also used with most word processing software, including OpenOffice. DOC stands for DOCument file.

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Convert Document Files

In computingDOC or doc an abbreviation of ” document ” is a filename extension for word processing documents, most commonly in the proprietary Microsoft Word Binary File Format. These uses for the extension have largely disappeared from the PC world. Binary DOC files often contain more text formatting information as well as scripts and undo information than some other document file formats like Rich Text Format and Hypertext Markup Languagebut are usually less widely compatible.


Microsoft Word versions up to Word 97 used a different format from Microsoft Word 97 — Other word processorssuch as OpenOffice. Command line programs for Unix-like operating systems that can convert files from the DOC format to plain text or other standard formats include the wv library, which itself is used directly by AbiWord.

Because the DOC file format was a closed specification for many years, inconsistent handling of the format persists and may cause some loss of formatting information when handling the same file with multiple word processing programs.

Some specifications for Microsoft Office 97 binary file formats were published in under a restrictive license, but these specifications were removed from online download in Sun Microsystems and OpenOffice.

Some historical documentations may use the DOC filename extension for plain-text file format.

The DOC filename extension was also used in historical versions of WordPerfect ddock its proprietary format. Some software applications use the name DOC in combination with other words such as the name of software manufacturer for different file formats.


DOC File Extension – What is a .doc file and how do I open it?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Word Document Filename extension. Comparison of word processors. And some workarounds “. Archived from the original on Multi-purpose office document file formats.

Retrieved from ” https: Computer file formats Microsoft Office. Views Read Edit View history.

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